Germany and Afghanistan share a long history of positive bilateral relations, whose beginning was marked by the expedition of a legation sent by the German Emperor in 1915 in order to forge ties with Afghanistan and to draw it into the First World War on the side of the Central Powers. The mission was not successful, but it laid the groundwork for the bilateral relations between the two countries. The foundation of the German secondary school in Kabul at the beginning of the 1920s was a good example of the great interest both countries had in each other from the start. As early as 1926, bilateral relations were laid down in writing by the Treaty of Friendship between Germany and Afghanistan. After the Second World War, relations between the two nations intensified on all levels. Many Afghans studied in Germany, while German lecturers taught at Afghan universities. Today, Germany is second home to around 100,000 Afghans.
Following war, civil war and the fall of the Taliban regime, it was only natural for Germany to support Afghanistan on its road towards a new democratic future. Since the first conference on Afghanistan, which was held at Petersberg close to Bonn in December 2001, Germany has expressly supported the political process that will lead Afghanistan towards a stable and peaceful future. Milestones of the Bonn process, which was concluded by Afghanistan’s first parliamentary elections in 2005, were the adoption of a modern constitution committed to human and civil rights and the election of a President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan legitimised by popular vote.
Germany and Afghanistan celebrated 100 years of bilateral relations in 2015/16. The beginning of the anniversary year was marked by Foreign Minister Steinmeier’s visit to Kabul in August 2015. The visit of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani to Berlin from 1 to 3 December 2015, during which he held talks with Federal President Gauck, Federal Chancellor Merkel and Foreign Minister Steinmeier, was the highlight of the celebrations.
Recently Federal Minister of Defence von der Leyen and Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs Sigmar Gabriel visited Afghanistan in December 2017 and assured the Afghan Government of Germany’s continued Support.